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Cord tissue and placenta tissue both contain stem cells that can be preserved just after a baby is born.  Americord is one of just a handful of cord blood banking companies that offers cord tissue banking and is the only cord blood banking company that offers placenta tissue banking.

Cord tissue and placenta tissue contain a unique type of stem cells

The type of stem cells that exist in cord tissue and placenta tissue are called mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs).

  • MSCs are a different type of stem cells than those that are collected from cord blood in the umbilical cord and the placenta.
  • MSCs can turn into a large number of skeletal tissue types such as bone, cartilage, fat tissue, and connective tissue.
  • Cord tissue contains MSCs that are related to the child, while you can collect MSCs that are genetically unique to the mother from the placenta tissue.

What kind of stem cells are in cord blood?

The type of stem cells that exist in great quantities in cord blood, in the umbilical cord and the placenta, are called hematopoietic stem cells.

  • Hematopoietic stem cells can become any of the blood cells and cellular blood components in our body (such as white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets), but not organs.
  • Hematopoietic stem cells, while very important and already in use in therapies for more than 80 diseases and conditions, cannot replace MSCs.

Learn more

You can learn more about the differences between hematopoietic and mesenchymal stem cells in Cord Blood 101.